Examples of artificially grown crystals

dysprosium scandate 

Rare earth scandates are grown by the Czochralski method. The melting points are beyond 2000C
[Contributed by Detlef Klimm on 09 Aug 2013]          

Crystal details

Compound name dysprosium scandate
Formula DyScO3
Dimensions 32 mm diameter, ca. 50 mm length
Mass 280 g
Colour yellow-greenish
Keywords inorg; oxide; bulk

Growth conditions

Technique Czochralski
Temperature 2370
Growth rate
Doping procedure
Keywords melt


Application(s) Several rare earth scandates (distorted perovskites) are used as substrates e.g. for ferroelectric layers. By choosing suitable combinations, "strain enginering" allows the adjustment of ferroelectric properties. For details on the growth see Uecker et al., J. Crystal Growth (2008) 310, 2649-2658.
Link(s) http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0022024808000675; http://de.arxiv.org/abs/1304.1631
Other remarks

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