Event Name Neutron and X-ray Studies of Advanced Materials VII: Challenges of the Future World — Complex Materials
Start Date 16th Feb 2014
End Date 20th Feb 2014
Duration 5 days


Neutron and X-Ray Studies of Advanced Materials –VII- Challenges of the Future World Proposed and Approved by Mechanical Behavior Committee and
To be held at the 2014 TMS Annual Meeting, San Diego, CA USA

MANUSCRIPT DEADLINE: February 31, 2014

OBJECTIVE: Provide fundamental and advanced understanding of advanced materials using neutron and X-ray diffraction techniques

Sponsored by: TMS Mechanical Behavior Committee, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, and Air Force Research Laboratory

In 2012/13 the diffraction community celebrated 100 years since the prediction of X-ray diffraction by M. Laue, and following his suggestion the first beautiful diffraction experiment by W. Friedrich and P. Knipping. To acknowledge the importance of the diffraction discovery, the United Nations (UN) declared 2014 the international year of crystallography. The significance of techniques based on the analysis of the diffraction of X-rays, neutrons, electrons and Mossbauer photons discovered later, has continued to increase in the past 100 years.
The aim of this symposium is to provide a forum for discussion of using state-of-the-art neutron and X-ray scattering techniques for probing advanced materials. These techniques have been widely used to characterize materials structures across all length scales, from atomic to nano, meso, and macroscopic scales. With the development of sample environments, in-situ experiments, e.g., at temperatures and applied mechanical load, are becoming routine.
The development of ultra-brilliant third-generation synchrotron X-ray sources, together with advances in X-ray optics, has created intense X-ray microbeams, which provide the best opportunities for in-depth understanding of mechanical behavior in a broad spectrum of materials. Important applications include ultra-sensitive elemental detection by X-ray fluorescence/absorption and microdiffraction to identify phase and strain with submicrometer spatial resolution. X-ray microdiffraction is a particularly exciting application compared with alternative probes of crystalline structure, orientation and strain. X-ray microdiffraction is non-destructive with good strain resolution, competitive or superior spatial resolution in thick samples, and with the ability to probe below the sample surface. Advances in neutron sources and instrumentation also bring new opportunities in neutron scattering research.    In addition to characterizing the structures, neutrons are also a great tool for elucidating the dynamics of materials. Because neutrons are highly penetrating, neutrons have been used to map stress in engineering systems. Neutrons have also played a vital role in our understanding of the magnetism and magnetic properties. Specialized instruments have been built to gain physical insights of the fundamental mechanisms governing phase transformation and mechanical behaviors of materials.
The application of those techniques, in combination with theoretical simulations and numerical modeling, will lead to major breakthroughs in materials science in the foreseeable future that will contribute to the development of materials technology and industrial innovation.

Some of the areas (but not limited to) to be explored:
1. Crystallography and Diffraction Centennial
2. Deformation and fracture
3. Texture and recrystallization
4. Analyses of complex, nano-crystalline and disordered materials
5. Spatially resolved measurements at different length scales and 3-dimensional methods
6. Time-resolved measurements of materials processing
7. Characterization of surfaces, interfaces and thin films
8. Theoretical modeling and simulations
9. Phase transition, evolution and critical scattering
10. Diffuse scattering studies of fundamental materials properties
11. Mechanical property characterization, with an emphasis on measurements at the nano- and micro-scale
12. Industrial applications
13. New experimental and analysis methods

Abstracts are due by July 1, 2013 to http://cmsplus.tms.org. The full length papers are planned to be published in Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A.
Dr. R.I. Barabash, Oak Ridge National Laboratory; Materials Science & Technology Div., Bldg. 4500S MS-6118 Oak Ridge, TN 37831-6118, USA Tel: (865) 241-7230 Fax: (865) 5747659 E-mail: barabashr@ornl.gov
Prof. G. Kostorz Professor Emeritus of Physics ETH Zurich CH-8093 Zurich, Switzerland kostorz@emeritus.ethz.ch
Prof. Brent Fultz Materials Science and Applied Physics California Institute of Technology Pasadena, California 91125
Tel: (626) 395 2170 Fax: (626) 795 6132 e-mail: btf@caltech.edu
Prof. P. K. Liaw The University of Tennessee Materials Science & Engineering Knoxville, TN 37996-2200 Tel: (865) 974-4858 Fax: (865) 974-4115 E-mail: pliaw@utk.edu



Location San Diego
Contact Brian Toby
URL http://www.tms.org/meetings/annual-14/AM14home.aspx
Category symposia